The Civil War Trails Marker at the entrance to the train station museum commemorates Clara Barton’s efforts here in late August – early September, 1862. During the 2nd Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) on August 28-31, 1862 and the Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly) on September 1, 1862, over 3,000 wounded Union soldiers were brought from these battlefields to the train station to await rail shipment to the hospitals in Alexandria and Washington. It took several days to load all of the wounded. While waiting, Clara Barton became “The Angel of the Battlefield” as she worked long and hard until all the wounded were safely removed. This was the second time she had come to aid the sick and wounded. Her first outing had been two weeks earlier on August 8 -9 at the Cedar Mountain Battlefield just south of Culpeper.
On September 17, 1862, a little more than two weeks after Fairfax Station, Clara Barton would be on to her third battlefield to aid the sick and wounded from the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg). From these three battlefields she would go on to aid many more wounded during the Civil War. Several years later, she became known as the founder of the American Red Cross.Download the Fairfax Station's Civil War Information Sheet (PDF)